Installation guide


You will occasionally see a $ before a command. This is mostly to differentiate the input (what you type), from the output, the computer provides.

Here’s an example:

$ lsblk
NAME          MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE  MOUNTPOINT
sda             8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk
└─sda1          8:1    0 465.8G  0 part  /media/franz/4e619844-b92a-49bd-8b70-cf934abdc8eb

So the actual command is lsblk (you don’t write $).

On the other hand, if there’s only a command, and no output, we sometimes omit the $ like so:

lsblk

Pre-installation

Before you get started, ready a USB stick with the latest ISO image.

  1. Download pantherx-1.3.0-29.7a44940-image.iso.tar.gz (Beta 6)
  2. Extract the ISO

On Linux you can use tar:

tar -xf pantherx-1.3.0-29.7a44940-image.iso.tar.gz

Flash with dd

Plugin the USB stick and determine the name:

$ lsblk
NAME          MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE  MOUNTPOINT
sda             8:0    1  14.9G  0 disk
├─sda1          8:1    1     1G  0 part  /media/franz/GUIX_IMAGE
└─sda2          8:2    1   2.8M  0 part
nvme0n1       259:0    0 953.9G  0 disk
├─nvme0n1p1   259:1    0   549M  0 part  /boot/efi
└─nvme0n1p2   259:2    0 953.3G  0 part
  └─cryptroot 253:0    0 953.3G  0 crypt /

In my case, it’s /dev/sda, so I proceed with copying the ISO to this drive:

$ sudo dd if=pantherx-1.3.0-29.7a44940-image.iso of=/dev/sda status=progress
Password:
1110499840 bytes (1.1 GB, 1.0 GiB) copied, 284 s, 3.9 MB/s
2169320+0 records in
2169320+0 records out
1110691840 bytes (1.1 GB, 1.0 GiB) copied, 284.985 s, 3.9 MB/s
$ sync

Now un-mount / eject the drive:

sudo umount /dev/sda1

Flash with etcher

If you prefer a GUI tool that runs on your existing OS (Windows, MacOS, other Linux), have a look at etcher.

First steps

Now just plugin the USB stick into the target computer, and boot from it. Most commonly, you can get a boot device selection with F11.

Once you have booted from USB, you will be greeted with “Locale language” selection.

(1) Select your locale

(2) Select your location

Select “Install using the shell based process”.

If you’re connected via LAN cable, you probably already have internet. Skip ahead to installation.

Connect to the Internet

Now that you’re in the command line, it should read “Welcome to the Installation of PantherX OS!”. Before you continue, you need to establish a internet connection. If you are connected with a LAN cable, that might already have happened.

Here’s how you verify whether you’re connected:

$ px-install network-check
------
Welcome to PantherX Installation v0.0.30

For guidance, consult: https://wiki.pantherx.org/Installation-guide
For help, visit https://community.pantherx.org
------

######## RESULT ########
Found 1 suitable network adapters

1. Adapter
Name: enp2s0
State: UP
Address: | IP: 192.168.1.73  Broadcast: 192.168.1.255 | IP: fe80::6e4b:90ff:feed:9578  Broadcast: None

You appear to be online.
Run 'px-install run' to continue with the setup.

One of the listed interfaces, should have a valid IP address. For example 192.168.1.69. If that’s the case, you can proceed to the next step. If not, here’s how you connect:

Either LAN or WLAN must be working before you can proceed. Here’s how you configure either:

Wired Network (LAN)

To configure a wired network run the following command, substituting interface with the name of the wired interface you want to use:

$ ifconfig INTERFACE_NAME up # for ex. enp2s0

Now try to get a IP address:

$ dhclient -v INTERFACE_NAME # for ex. enp2s0

Wireless Network (WLAN)

Try our new px-install wifi-setup, or configure manually:

To configure wireless networking, create a configuration file for the wpa_supplicant configuration tool:

$ nano wpa_supplicant.conf

with the following content:

network={
  ssid="YOUR_WIFI_NAME"
  key_mgmt=SECURITY_STANDARD
  psk="YOUR_WIFI_PASSWORD"
}

once you’re done, this should look roughly like this:

network={
  ssid="MyWirelessNetwork"
  key_mgmt=WPA-PSK
  psk="3295e09f-241b-4a06-a492-f3f3cc95c24d"
}

You can find more examples and options here: wpa_supplicant.conf: Linux man page.

To start the wireless service, and run it on interface in the background:

$ wpa_supplicant -c wpa_supplicant.conf -i INTERFACE_NAME -B

# Example
$ wpa_supplicant -c wpa_supplicant.conf -i enp2s0 -B

Note If this doesn’t work, you might want to try to check your network with rfkill:

$ rfkill
ID TYPE      DEVICE                   SOFT      HARD
 0 bluetooth tpacpi_bluetooth_sw unblocked unblocked
 1 bluetooth hci0                unblocked unblocked
 2 wlan      phy0                unblocked unblocked

If the wlan interface is blocked, you can unblock it with rfkill unblock wlan.

Now try to get a IP address:

$ dhclient -v INTERFACE_NAME

# Example
$ dhclient -v wlan0

SSH access (OPTIONAL)

If you want to continue with the installation remotely, load the SSH server and set a root password:

$ herd start ssh-daemon
Service ssh-daemon has been started.
$ passwd
New Password:
Retype new password:
passwd: password updated successfully

Now simply connect via SSH from another computer: ssh root@192.168.1.67.

Installation

Pro-Tip: Download and run the latest installer

We have come-up with a simple installer that automates all steps. You can go ahead with the defaults (username: pantherx) with:

px-install

or customize username, password and so on with:

px-install run

Once the installation has completed, it should read something like this:

guix system: bootloader successfully installed on /dev/sda

Now simply reboot with

reboot
  • You can find out more about px-install at git.pantherx.org/published/px-install.
  • Tip: SSH is disabled by default on Desktop so you won’t be able to reconnect after reboot without enabling it first

Post-installation

Once you login for the first time, there’s a couple of things to be aware of.

General

We’ve put together a welcome screen that guides you trough the essentials:

(1.1) Set new user and root password

You will be prompted for your desired user and root (administrator) password.

Once you confirm, you will be prompted for the password you set during the installation, to confirm the change. This should be the same password you used to login.

(1.2) Update your system (opens Software; then just click “Update”)

You will be prompted for your new user password to confirm.

This will take a while; In the meantime you can confirm your (2) Syncthing and (3) Albert configuration.

Once the update is completed, the buttons (Updating…, Cancel), will return to “UPDATE ALL”. As this happens, you can close Software.

(1.3) Changing the theme (dark/bright)

You have the option to stick with the default, dark theme or switch to a bright theme.

(1.4) Reboot

After you confirm the update (1.2) has completed, you can reboot your system.

Syncthing

With Syncthing, you can share any number of files and folders between your devices (Desktop & Mobile) and friends, family, co-workers or clients. It requires no account or subscription, and your data remains yours.

You will be promted to setup Syncthing:

  1. Open the Settings
  2. Go to “Tray” (left sidebar) and look for the tab “Connection”
  3. Click “Insert values from local Syncthing configuration”
  4. Select “Connect automatically on startup”
  5. Confirm with “Apply”

Whenever you want to activate Syncthing, just click on the traybar icon (grayed out circle) and click “Continue”.

Albert

Very useful quick-launcher to open applications and control your system.

You will be promted to setup Albert; it’s an incredibly useful utility that not only helps you launch apps, but does calculations, plays music - really whatever you want.

PantherX Hub

You should do this after update and reboot

If you want to use Hub, you need to setup a account first.

  1. Open ‘Settings’ > ‘Online Accounts’
  2. Add a account

Hub currently supports GitLab, GitHub, Email (via ClawsMail), Discourse and Mastodon notifications. This list will expand in the coming months.

Get Help

This is a beta release, so please keep a few things in mind:

  • We do not accept bug reports at this time
  • We only provide limited support on our community forum
  • We try to release updates on a 2-week basis

Have a great time on PantherX OS

Forum

We encourage you to look around the Wiki and go to community.pantherx.org to seek help from the community.

PantherX & (unofficial) GNU Guix Wiki.

Last update: 2022-10-30 20:38:43 +0000 | Apache-2.0

Inspired by the excellent Arch Linux Wiki